What happens to your brain when you train every day? The response of neuroscience

Find out how the brain changes by exercising every day. Here are the benefits of sport on the brain and anxiety symptoms.

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Find out how the brain changes by exercising every day. Here are the benefits of sport on the brain and anxiety symptoms.

According to a search exercising regularly really changes the biology of the brain. It's not just about feeling better, because regular exercise, especially cardio, changes the way your brain works.

Contrary to what some might think, the brain is a very plastic organ; in fact, not only new neuronal connections are formed every day, but they are also generated new cells in important areas. A key area is the hippocampus, which is involved in learning and memory, and in the regulation of negative emotions.

A molecule called a factor neurotrofico derived from the brain, it helps to produce neurons or brain cells. A variety of aerobic and high-intensity interval training exercises can significantly increase levels of BDNF. There is evidence from animal research that these changes are epigenetic, leading to changes in neuronal connections and functions.

Moderate exercise, therefore, also appears to have anti-inflammatory effects and regulation of the immune system; finally, there are evidence the positive effects of exercise on neurotransmitters - chemicals in the brain that send signals between neurons, dopamine ed endorphins. (Read also: If you want to live more, accelerate the pace! But exactly, how fast do you have to walk?)

Exercise improves symptoms of anxiety and depression

The researchers also looked at the effects of exercise on symptoms of depression and anxiety. Exercise improves memory function, cognitive performance and academic achievement. The studies they also suggest that regular exercise has a moderate effect on depressive symptoms, even comparable to psychotherapy. For anxiety disorders, this effect is mild to moderate in reduce i symptoms. In one study There was a reduction in symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder among children who attended 8 to 12 weeks of dance and movement therapies.

Exercise could also potentially desensitize people to physical symptoms. This is due to the similarity between the bodily effects of sport, especially thehigh intensity exercise, and those of anxiety, including shortness of breath, heart palpitations and chest tightness. Furthermore, by reducing the basic heart rate, sporting activity contributes to making us more calm, relaxed and serene. 

It is important to note that most of the studies have looked at effects of exercise in isolation, and not in combination with other effective treatments, such as psychotherapy and medications. Thus, this is not a substitute for psychological assistance in the case of depression or anxiety, but could become part of therapy and prevention. (Read also: What happens to the body if you walk every day (or almost) before having breakfast)

Other benefits related to physical activity

When you go out for a walk you are more exposed to sunlight, which helps to increase your levels vitamin D, fresh air and nature; all elements that help make us feel better. (Read also: Tricks for walking by doing strenuous exercise during your walk)

Physical exercise also keeps us busy during the day and keeps us away from the communes stressors newspapers, our electronic devices and TV.

How to get passionate about sport and what to practice? Our advice is to choose something you like, because what works for one person may not work for another. Try various activities and find out which one you are most passionate about: running, walking, dancing, cycling, kayaking, boxing, weights, swimming.

You can also vary and mix various types of sports, so you never get bored; Also, remember that physical activity is a great help for too lose weight, if associated with a healthy and balanced diet.

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