Headache: the most frequent types and the most effective remedies

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Carlos Laforet Coll
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Headache, an annoying and debilitating symptom that can have different causes and origins. Let's find out the most frequent types of headaches and the best way to treat them.

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Headache, an annoying and debilitating symptom that can have different causes and origins. Let's find out the most frequent types of headaches and the best way to treat them.

It can happen to all of us at certain periods or times of the day to feel more or less severe pain in the head, localized in a single point, widespread or even the classic "circle in the head". The reasons for its occurrence can be various as well as the remedies useful to make the symptom go away.


Tension-type headache

This is the most common headache associated with tension in the head and neck muscles that builds up over the course of the day. It is directly related to stress, exhaustion, poor posture, bruxism, or insomnia although the causes can be different. The pain you feel is usually mild or moderate but throbbing and is felt in the forehead and temple area.

It can be treated with relaxing massages and treatments in the cervical area or with painkillers (including natural ones).



In this type of headache the pain is of greater intensity and is mainly located on one side of the head or in the center. Pressure and discomfort can also be felt in the area around the eyes. It can appear sporadically and the duration varies from one hour to several days.

It generally occurs when the blood vessels in the brain become inflamed for different reasons. This type of headache is usually treated with pain relievers and, in more severe and recurrent cases, with oxygen therapy. However, you can also experiment with natural remedies such as potato-based plant compresses on painful areas, or the use of essential oils such as mint or acupressure techniques.


The most intense and feared of headaches is caused by severe inflammation of the blood vessels and arteries of the brain. The pain that distinguishes it is stinging and sometimes accompanied by hypersensitivity to light and other sensory stimuli. It can also cause nausea and slow down the digestive system.

There are herbal remedies that can be tried to deal with migraines. Among the most effective and recommended are the feverfew and the devil's claw. Ask your herbalist for advice on how to best use them.

You can also experiment with breathing techniques and simple acupressure exercises to relieve discomfort in no time.

Mal sinusitis test

It is a severe pain localized in the area of ​​the forehead, nose and cheekbones, caused by inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. It is a typical ailment of people often affected by seasonal colds, allergic or suffering from sinusitis.

There are many remedies you can try to deal with this headache including hot salt packs, nasal washes and fumenti to be made with water, chamomile, bicarbonate or essential oils.

Headache from visual fatigue

In this case, mild or moderate pain occurs following visual fatigue, particularly if you use a lot of computers, tablets, mobile phones and television. It can also be related to poor vision or having activities in poorly lit places.

Taking regular breaks from your activities and proper lighting are key to preventing this type of pain. When the headache begins it would be advisable to immediately stop what you are doing and rest.

Hormonal migraine

Many women experience headaches during their menstrual cycle. In this case the problem is due to fluctuating levels of estrogen and progesterone.

These pains generally stop during pregnancy and can worsen after menopause.

Applying something cold to the head and neck can relieve discomfort.

Headache due to medication

Sometimes moderate or severe headaches can also appear after taking certain medications. In these cases, the possibility of changing the treatment can be evaluated together with your doctor.

Headache from stimulants

Coffee, tea, and any other drinks or foods that stimulate the nervous system can cause headaches. In some cases the discomfort appears when we stop taking these substances, it is in some way a "withdrawal crisis" that can cause inflammation of the blood vessels causing a sensation of pressure, palpitations in the temples and pain.

The solution is to reduce the intake of these substances to an acceptable minimum and gradually.

Hangover headache

The classic hangover most often results in a headache obviously due to alcohol consumption, produced by the dilation of the blood vessels of the brain, the altered production of serotonin and dehydration.

It is cured mainly with rest and lots of water. Even some natural remedies can help overcome hangovers, not only headaches but stomach discomfort including bananas and honey.


Do you suffer from headaches? What is the type that strikes you the most?

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