Arterial hypertension: symptoms, remedies and DIET

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Elia Tabuenca García
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If the pressure gets too high, the arteries weaken, circulation is difficult, and the risk of heart attack and stroke is just around the corner. But what are the symptoms of hypertension? And what are the most effective remedies to prevent or cure it?

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THEhypertension can occur when the blood pressure in the arteries of the systemic circulation is too high. It is all in all natural that the pressure rises and falls but, when due to various factors, it reaches excessively high peaks and is not adequately treated, it can cause heart problems, kidney failure and other pathologies.

If, in fact, the pressure is high, the arteries weaken, the circulation is difficult and the risk of heart attack and stroke is around the corner. But what are the symptoms of hypertension? And what are the more effective remedies to prevent or cure it?



Symptoms of hypertension

In general, hypertension persists for a long time without giving any particular symptoms, also because it is very easy to diagnose and keep under control. In this regard, it is good to periodically examine the values ​​of your blood pressure.

In some cases, hypertension produces symptoms such as headache, breathlessness, dizziness, chest pains, heart palpitations, urinary retention and nosebleeds, but also:

  • tinnitus
  • redness of the face
  • nervousness
  • night sweats
  • hot flashes
  • insomnia problems
  • presence of blood stains in the eyes
  • dizziness

In many cases these are symptoms that could occur during the so-called "hypertensive crisis".

According to the classification of the JNC 7 (Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure), a systolic pressure below 120 mmHg and a diastolic pressure below 80 mmHg is considered "normal". Above 140 mmHg maximum or 90 mmHg minimum one is hypertensive. We speak of 'isolated systolic' hypertension when it is only the maximum that is high (i.e. ≥ 140 mmHg).

The remedies for hypertension

The first thing doctors recommend for those with high blood pressure is to reduce their consumption of salt at the table. Here then it would be good:

1. Cooking without salt or with very little salt, perhaps opting for the whole sea salt

2. Replace the salt with herbs

3. Avoid frozen ready meals and limit canned foods

4. Avoid ketchup and soy sauce

5. Limit pickles and pickles, cold cuts and preserved meats

6. Choose certain types of cheeses

7. Avoid chips and salty snacks


The diet for those suffering from hypertension

Then there are a series of allied foods in the fight against hypertension:

1. Cereals, preferably whole grains, contain glutamatic acid, which acts directly on blood pressure, lowering it

2. Legumes, which contain a particular protein that is able to keep pressure at bay

3. Nuts, rich in antioxidants that reduce high blood pressure

4. Dark chocolate with a high percentage of cocoa, whose rich flavonoid content can help keep blood vessels dilated and lower blood pressure

5. Lupins, rich in proteins, are effective against cholesterol, diabetes and hypertension

6. Fish, rich in Omega 3

7. Beetroot which contains nitrates, which are able to transform into molecules that help keep blood pressure under control

8. Purple potatoes rich in a pigment which is useful for reducing pressure

9. Fruits and vegetables in general

10. Finally, some dairy products contain bioactive peptides, a panacea in pressure management.

Germana Carillo

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