Mouth sores: symptoms, causes and possible remedies

Mouth ulcers are lesions that affect the oral mucosa: how to recognize them and how to treat them.

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Le mouth ulcers they are injury affecting the oral mucosa, distinguished by abrasions or from ulcerations rounded with a diameter ranging from 2 to 5 millimeters ("afta" in Greek means "mouth ulcer"). But what are the symptoms the presence of a canker sores? What are the causes which provoke it and which are the possible ones remedies?

Sometimes associated with the existence of stomatitis, mouth ulcer is a real painful ulcer, shallow and surrounded by a reddish halo. Aphthae can be single or occur in groups and I will relapse in time. They typically go away in a week or two.

They can appear inside the mouth, cheeks, lips, throat, and sometimes even on the tongue. The canker sores are other than fever blistersthat I am contagious sores rather caused by the herpes simplex virus (around the lips, cheeks or chin or inside the nostrils). The oral ulcers, on the other hand, they cannot be transmitted.

THEaphthosis is very common, but rare in childhood: it can appear in the adolescent period and reach the peak of incidence between the ages of 20 and 50, with a slightly higher prevalence for women. The injury may be accompanied by a enlargement of nearby lymph nodes. In young children it could be a symptom of a so-called hand and foot mouth.

Aphthae are generically divided into:

  • before less
  • major canker sores
  • canker sores herpetiform, less common, small in size and often in clusters


Oral canker sores, symptoms

The discomfort that causes a canker in the mouth is often accompanied by a loud pain.

The most common symptoms of mouth disease are:

  • tingling
  • itching in a specific point of the oral mucosa
  • burning
  • that spot will turn red in a few days and turn into a blister or vesicle
  • when the pain becomes more intense, it means that the blister has transformed into a small, infectable and inflamed open ulcer

When multiple canker sores occur, there is one chronic inflammatory lesion and we talk about stomatitis recurrent aphthous or aphthous ulcers. In this case, between the symptoms there may also be:

  • fever
  • swollen lymph nodes swollen lymph nodes

Oral canker sores, causes

In reality, little is known about the causes that trigger canker sores. In general, the most common are:

  • fever or cold
  • hormonal changes during the menstrual period
  • trauma and dental procedures
  • imbalances of the intestinal flora
  • stress and fatigue
  • small lesions in the mouth due, for example, to too aggressive brushing
  • oral hygiene products containing sodium lauryl sulfate
  • some types of food intolerances, such as chocolate, coffee, strawberries, eggs, nuts, cheeses, pineapples
  • deficiency of vitamin B-12, zinc, folate or iron
  • an allergy to some bacteria in the mouth

In some cases, however, can also occur in the presence of certain diseases as:

  • chronic inflammatory diseases intestinal
  • la Behcet's disease, a rare disease that causes inflammation throughout the body, including the mouth
  • HIV / AIDS, which suppress the immune system
  • celiac disease

Finally, there are gods predisposing factors as:

  • being female, it seems that canker sores are more common among women
  • family predisposition

Oral canker sores, treatments

In principle, mouth ulcers tend to regress spontaneously therefore it is very rare and sometimes useless to resort to drugs. It is obvious that if the aphta follows a specific pathology, it will be necessary to ascertain its nature and seek advice from your doctor.

As well as, if the canker sores are due to one deficiency of some vitamins (especially folic acid) and minerals, such as zinc and iron, you need supplement their nutrition.

In addition, in order not to make mouth ulcers more serious and annoying, it is clear that particular attention must be paid to cleaning the teeth and, in cases where mouth ulcers are particularly painful, you could rinse the mouth with a non-aggressive and alcohol-free mouthwash.

Those who prefer to avoid drugs but speed up their recovery can use one of the following natural remedies:

  • tea: a wet sachet to apply on the bubble
  • aloe vera, which has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties and contains amino acids and vitamins B1, B2, B6 and C, which accelerate the healing process and reduce pain
  • coconut oil
  • salt, especially the pink one from the Himalayas with which to gargle or apply a pinch directly on the ulcer
  • hot water with lemon
  • tea tree oil, for rinsing in the mouth with a little water or dabbing with a cotton swab
  • propolis
  • bicarbonate, disinfectant and anti-inflammatory
  • myrrh tincture, a brushstroke on the ulcer reduces the pain
  • garlic, a clove cut in half to rub on the ulcer

Other recommended remedies include calendula, hypericum and astragalus. And again: Bach flowers and acupuncture.

As for canker sores, you can also learn more in the following articles:


Finally, avoid abrasive, acidic or spicy foods that can cause further irritation, brush your teeth gently, using a soft brush and toothpaste without foaming agents.

Germana Carillo

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