Tachycardia: types, causes and how to intervene

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Elia Tabuenca García
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Tachycardia is a form of cardiac arrhythmia, that is, an alteration in the rhythm of the heartbeat. We speak of tachycardia when there is an increased heart rate. Tachycardia can appear transiently, that is, pass as it came, or permanent.

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La tachycardia is a form of cardiac arrhythmia, that is, of alteration of the rhythm of the heartbeat. Let's talk about tachycardia when there is an increased heart rate.

It can appear transiently, that is, it can pass as it came, or permanent.


Types of tachycardia

They are distinguished several types of tachycardia. We talk about temporary tachycardia when the disorder occurs for a very limited and determined period of time, usually in conjunction with an acute disorder, such as fever, for example. Then there is the continuous tachycardia, which could be accompanied by a chronic type of disorder, that is, very prolonged over time.

Let's not forget the tachycardia in pregnancy, which can appear especially in the last months of waiting. Tachycardia in pregnancy may in some cases be a normal episode not to worry about, while in other situations it may indicate problems to take care of, such as iron deficiency or thyroid problems.

There is also talk of paroxysmal tachycardia, a form of tachycardia also called Bouveret-Hoffmann. It arises and ends abruptly with 140-220 beats per minute. It can last a few minutes or a few hours. Chest pain and tightness may be felt. Symptoms include dizziness, lightheadedness and blurred vision.

La sinus tachycardia occurs when the heart rate exceeds 100 beats per minute. It can occur for different reasons in both infants and children and adults. There ventricular tachycardia occurs when the ventricular rate exceeds 100 beats per minute. The problem arises from the myocardium. It can be very short, lasting less than 30 seconds, or extend beyond this limit.

Finally, we have the recurrent tachycardia, which begins and ends abruptly and which can repeat itself several times over time. In this type of tachycardia, the heart rate increases and decreases rapidly.

Causes of tachycardia

Among the most common causes for one generic tachycardia, not linked to particular physical conditions or diseases, we find anxiety and anxious states, together with panic attacks. In this case it would be good to try to understand what are the situations that can cause anxiety in the person suffering from tachycardia. L'anxiety it could be related to the stress and difficult situations in the family or at work.

La temporary tachycardia it could be caused by acute phenomena such as acute infections, febrile states, intoxications (from alcohol, medicines, smoking ...), acute pains and heart problems, such as pericarditis and myocarditis.

Among the causes of one continuous tachycardia twe have chronic heart problems and other diseases, including tuberculosis and malaria. Regarding recurrent tachycardia, a link with blood pressure disorders has been highlighted.

The main causes of a frequent or chronic tachycardia they are often linked to heart, circulation and blood pressure problems. In this case it is essential to contact your doctor, who will probably ask you to undergo an electrocardiogram to check the situation. For the paroxysmal tachycardia we talk about causes such as intense physical exercise and strong emotions for a phenomenon that usually occurs in healthy individuals.

The causes of the sinus tachycardia they concern intense moments from a psychic point of view and physical efforts in children and infants, with tachycardia which occurs as a physiological reaction, but also excess alcohol, tobacco and coffee in adults. It can present in a pathological form, linked to fever, hyperthyroidism, anemia and hypertension, just to name a few examples.

Among the causes of the ventricular tachycardiafinally, we find heart disease, coronary heart disease, previous myocardial infarction and ischemic heart disease, which represent the most frequent causes for this type of disorder. This type of tachycardia could occur in the case of myocarditis.

How to intervene and remedies for tachycardia

How to intervene in case of tachycardia? If you do not know the origins and causes of the disorder and if you are concerned about suffering from particular heart problems, it is good to consult your doctor. To intervene immediately in a gentle way and waiting for a visit, if the ailment is not serious, i natural remedies.

Anxiety and panic

If the tachycardia is related toanxiety or ai panic attacks, it is essential to know the techniques to relieve tension and to find the causes that cause these conditions. Tachycardia could be linked to particular emotions you are experiencing in your life, as well as anxiety and panic.

Toxic and Medicinal Substances

In some cases the tachycardia could be linked to toxic substances and stimulating substances. In this case it would be good to reduce the consumption of alcohol and coffee, as well as the number of cigarettes that you are used to every day. Tachycardia could represent thecollateral effect of the hiring of some Medicines. Consult your doctor to find out more.

Cure with herbs

Herbal medicine recommends using herbs that are both calming and invigorating in case of tachycardia, since it is necessary to cope with any drops in pressure. Among the herbs recommended to intervene in case of tachycardia we find the with a potent torment, valerian and hawthorn (Cf. "Health without medicines. Let's cure ourselves with natural medicines" Librex, 1992). You can ask your herbalist for more information on herbs suitable for tachycardia.


THEhydrotherapy suggests to take advantage of the action of cold water in case of tachycardia. It involves wetting a cotton cloth with cold water, squeezing it and folding it into a square shape. So place it on the left side of the chest, in correspondence with the heart area, and wrap the chest with a woolen cloth. Leave on for 15 minutes (See “Simple and natural remedies”, Giunti Demetra, 2009).

Essential oils

The essential oil recommended by experts in case of tachycardia is ylang ylang. The suggestion is to put a drop of ylang ylang essential oil suitable for internal use in a teaspoon of malt and let it melt in the mouth 3 times a day (See “My Bible of essential oils” Edizioni Sonda, 2013). Ask your herbalist or pharmacist for more information.

Marta Albè

Read also:

Anxiety: 10 Natural Remedies To Relieve Panic

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