Pneumonia: the 15 symptoms not to be underestimated

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Carlos Laforet Coll
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What are the symptoms that should not be underestimated to diagnose pneumonia in time?

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An infection that affects the lungs and manifests itself with difficulty in breathing and fever: precisely as a respiratory disease, pneumonia manifests itself with an abnormal difficulty in breathing, often accompanied by very high fever and cough. But what are the symptoms that should not be underestimated to diagnose pneumonia in time?





Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. These can fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing a cough with phlegm, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. It can be caused by a variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.

La pneumonia can range in severity, from mild to life-threatening. It is more serious for infants and young children, for people over the age of 65, and for those who have health problems or an already compromised immune system.

I symptoms can change depending on the subject, age and the presence of any other pathologies.

Types of pneumonia

Depending on the cause, different forms of pneumonia are distinguished due to factors known as:

  • infectious agents (viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites)
  • vapors (mercury, thermosetting resins, hydrocarbons)
    organic dusts (e.g. farmer's pneumonia, mushroom grower, air conditioner pneumonia)
  • inorganic powders
  • chemical powders (nylon and polyester, vinyl chloride, bakelite)
  • gas (oxygen, chlorine, nitrogen and sulfur dioxide, methylsocyanate)
  • fumes (e.g. zinc oxide, iron, manganese, copper, magnesium, tin, nickel, brass)
  • poisons

The 15 symptoms of pneumonia

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia range from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, age, and overall health. Mild signs and symptoms often resemble those of a cold or flu, but last longer.

Symptoms of pneumonia can include:

1. Chest pain when breathing or coughing
2. Confusion or changes in mental awareness (in adults aged 65 and over)
3. Cough, which can produce phlegm
4. Fatigue
5. Fever above 38,5 ° C, sweating and chills
6. Tremor
7. In some cases, body temperature below normal (especially in adults over the age of 65 and in people with weak immune systems)
8. Nausea and vomiting
9. Diarrhea
10. Shortness of breath
11. Cyanosis, or bluish discoloration of the skin
12. Asthenia (a general debilitation)
13. Lack of appetite
14. Phlegm that is brown or streaked with blood
15. Pulse and breathing rate twice normal



If you have one or more of these symptoms, the only thing to do is to avoid taking care of yourself e contact your doctor who, in order to get information on the nature and evolution of the inflammation, will proceed to a chest X-ray as soon as possible. More advanced imaging techniques are computerized axial tomography (CT), especially high definition, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR).



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Germana Carillo

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