What is otitis? And why does it manifest itself? All natural remedies for adults and children.Don't store avocado like this: it's dangerous
Otitis is a 'inflammation, usually of infectious origin, which concerns theear, characterized by the classic earache (otalgia), more or less intense. Otitis is external if it affects the external auditory canal, it is "medium" or "internal" if it involves the middle or inner ear, respectively, and takes the name, instead, of myringitis, if it affects only the tympanic membrane. But what are the symptoms specific to an otitis? And what are the cycle to put into practice?
Caused by virus or from bacteria and to be associated with fluid build-up inside the ear or mucus buildup, the diagnosis of otitis is carried out by the doctor by introducing the so-called otoscope into the ear, with which the redness of the tympanic membrane, the presence of fluid and the possible ejection of the eardrum are analyzed.
Several factors cause it, but exposure to cold or "simple" allergies can also contribute to the onset of otitis.
What is otitis
Otitis is acute or chronic inflammation of the ear. It generally relates to viral or bacterial forms, but almost always occurs as a result of flu diseases.
L'otite si distingue in:
- go internalthe labyrinthitis, which affects the inner ear
- otitis media, which involves the middle ear and is probably the most common form of pediatric otitis: in these cases, bacteria or viruses from the nose or throat enter the middle ear, making their way up through the Eustachian tube
- otitis externa, which affects the external auditory canal and eardrum
- tilted, when inflammation affects only the tympanic membrane
All forms can have a acute or chronic course and all are characterized by a ear pain, which varies depending on the presence of other symptoms and the area of the ear affected by the inflammation. Furthermore, otitis can become chronic if the patient who manages to spontaneously eradicate the pathogen in a short time, resorts to specific drugs for complete recovery.
Then there is the"barotraumatic" otitis, which is a disorder that originates in the variation between the atmospheric pressure and that inside the middle ear (for example in the case of an airplane trip or scuba diving).
Otitis types and symptoms
Also known as in the name of labyrinthitis, an internal otitis mainly concerns that small internal auricular area made up of organs deposited to maintain balance and to listen to music and words (the labyrinth in fact).
Among the symptoms of internal otitis we find:
- dizziness and difficulty maintaining balance
- ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
- nausea and stomach pain
- hearing loss
It is the one that most commonly develops among pediatric children. It occurs in the middle ear, in the space between the tympanic membrane and the inner ear. It has an acute variant which is the most common form.
Among the symptoms otitis media we find:
- ear pain and inflammation
- headache and nasal congestion
- low-grade fever
- pus, only in some cases
If otitis media does not receive the right treatment, it could lead to perforation of the eardrum, impaired hearing or severe tinnitus.
It is also called "swimmer's otitis”, Because it is often triggered by a microorganism, such as fungi or bacteria present in swimming pools and in the sea. It is characterized by the appearance of pain when the ear is touched or pulled or when chewing.
Among the symptoms of external otitis there can be:
- pain in the external auditory portions
- hyperemia (increased blood in the outer ear)
- impaired hearing
- otorrhea (purulent / serous discharge from the ear canal)
External otitis is typical of particularly malnourished, immunocompromised, diabetic or suffering from severe vitamin deficiencies.
Generally due to bacterial or viral infections, rarely caused by fungi, otitis finds one of its triggers in contaminated water which, if it remains in the ear canal with earwax, creates ideal conditions for proliferation of germi.
Also in the analysis of the cause, it is possible to distinguish between the various forms of otitis:
Otite internal cause
In general, the internal body is associated with:
- bacterial or viral infections, such as mumps or acute otitis
- meningitis or meningoencephalitis: in these cases, internal otitis manifests itself in its purulent variant
- allergic reactions to substances / drugs
- violent coughs
- overexertion and sudden movements
Otite media, cause
To be the main cause of otitis media, typical of children, is a respiratory tract infection, which is also often accompanied by the discharge of purulent material from the external ear canal.
Even allergies andenlargement of the adenoids they can be the cause of otitis media.
External otitis causes
Also in this case, the cause of otitis are mainly bacteria and viruses (especially herpetic viruses. But among the causes are also included:
- purulent otitis media
- cold and damp
- dryness of the ear canal
- accumulation of ear wax
Otitis, treatment in adults and children
Given the different causes, it goes without saying that the treatment of otitis strongly depends on the factors that triggered it, the type of infection, the age - especially with regard to children - and the severity of the disorder.
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There are cases in which otitis in children resolves spontaneously, especially when it was caused by viral infections. It is always good consult your pediatrician, who will probably administer drugs in the first place antiinflammatory or pain relievers such as acetaminophen. If the cause is a bacterial infection, the pediatrician will presumably aim to assign antibiotics.
There are, however, especially when otitis is in its earliest stage, gods effective natural remedies to use. Between these:
- warm compresses, to be applied directly to the affected ear
- hydrogen peroxide, to be applied in drops
- garlic, with antimicrobial properties: you can bring two or three crushed garlic cloves and a little salt to a boil in water, then wrap them in a handkerchief and place them near the ear. Garlic juice is also useful, used as ear drops
- onion, chop and boil them or cook them in a pan, then make a compress
- olive oil, heat a little and let two or three drops fall into the ear
- salt and rice, to be done as a warm compress
- chamomile, it is possible to prepare an infusion of chamomile with which to make fumigations, or as a compress, with the addition of a few drops of olive oil
- essential oils of lavender or eucalyptus, to make fumigations and free the ear canals and respiratory tract from mucus
- lobelia extract, causing a few drops to fall into the ear
YOU CAN NEED IT THEN:
- use gods pin when swimming
- after a hot bath or swim, dry the external auditory canal with a handkerchief or a damp cloth
- during the night's rest, sleep with the head of the bed slightly raised to promote emptying of the Eustachian tube
- facilitate the drying of the ear with the phon (at the right distance)