When we talk about inguinal hernia we refer to the fact that a part of the bowel comes out of its normal seat and goes to position itself in the pelvic area. But how to recognize the problem? What are the symptoms and causes of this type of hernia?
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When you are talking about inguinal hernia it refers to the fact that a part of the bowel comes out of its normal seat and goes to position itself in the pelvic area. But how to recognize the problem? What are the symptoms and causes of this type of hernia?
THEinguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia e it can only appear on one side (in most cases the right one) or bilateralmenyou. Men are most frequently affected, that is, it is due to the physiological conformation of the male inguinal canal, which is richer in blood vessels and nerves. It usually occurs in middle-aged people but it is possible that it also occurs in the elderly or children.
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The leaking bowel in case of a hernia (which can be abdominal fat but also a part of the small intestine) it may not initially be visible as very small or hidden. The situation, however, tends to worsen and therefore in a variable period of time to reveal itself with swelling and swelling of the affected area.
Let's see what they are symptoms that suggest the presence of an inguinal hernia and for which a medical consultation must be requested immediately.
SYMPTOMS OF INGUINAL HERNIA
Symptoms of inguinal hernia include the swelling and swelling of the affected area. These can be more or less extensive depending on the type of hernia but above all on how developed it is. In the early stages, in fact, one may not even notice its presence (even if pain is often already felt) but slowly as it grows, the problem begins to show and feel.
Sometimes if the hernia is small the bulge is noticeable when standing and it tends to disappear instead in the lying position. It can appear on only one or both sides of the groin.
To the touch, the hernia can take on different consistencies: grainy, compact and taut, soft. This also depends on the type of hernia and the bowel that has leaked out.
In terms of body sensations, symptoms of inguinal hernia include: abdominal pain, burning and a feeling of heaviness and localized pressure in the groin. In particular, pain tends to increase with movement and decrease with rest. This is due to the fact that the supine position tends to make the leaked viscera return to their original location. Eating too much, coughing or making certain movements with the torso can also accentuate all the discomfort associated with the presence of an inguinal hernia.
Symptoms of inguinal hernia are:
• Abdominal pain
• Sense of heaviness in the groin
• Sense of pressure
• The bulge tends to disappear in the lying position
POSSIBLE HERNIA COMPLICATIONS
Among the possible complications of hernia there is choking, this means that the part of the viscera that has escaped is strangled by the same hole in the hernial port in which it entered. In this case, normal blood circulation is impeded.
Throttling of a hernia is a very serious and risky situation must be treated promptly as it can lead to bowel necrosis with perforation. In the event of such a complication, symptoms additional to those of a simple hernia are noted: fever, increased pain, nausea and vomiting, low blood pressure, paleness and more.
There is also the possibility of finding yourself struggling with an incarcerated inguinal hernia. This means that the bowel remains stuck in the hole and can no longer go back to its original location. This situation is also dangerous as throttling can occur in the short term.
In some cases it can also appear an intestinal blockage due to the fact that the hernia is positioned in such a way as to obstruct the normal passage of stool.
Complications of inguinal hernia that should not be underestimated are therefore:
• Intestinal blockage
HOW THE INGUINAL HERNIA IS RECOGNIZED
Even when it is not yet visible from the outside, it is possible to identify an inguinal hernia. This is obviously a diagnosis of medical relevance. The specialized personnel, in fact, can through one visit with palpation and specific tests to find the hernia, understand its consistency and type. In some cases, moreover, if in the initial phase, it is possible through massages to bring the viscera back into the original position inside the abdomen.
CAUSES OF INGUINAL HERNIA
Depending on the type of inguinal hernia, there may be various underlying causes. Some indirect hernias are congenital and many more frequent in males for physiological reasons and even linked to the development of the fetus in the mother's womb (it is no coincidence that those born premature are more at risk).
The hernia can then originate from one degeneration of the connective tissue of the muscles of the abdominal wall which occurs over time. Risk factors for this situation are: muscle strains, heavy work in which you lift a lot of weights, constipation, overweight, sedentary lifestyle, chronic cough and some pathologies.
Basically the inguinal hernia can be:
Live: congenital in nature
Direct: it originates from the degeneration of the connective tissue of the abdominal muscles
To recap risk factors inguinal hernia are:
• Congenital weakness due to the development of the fetus
• Physiology of the male groin area
• Muscle strains
• Heavy work where weights are lifted
• Sedentary lifestyle
• chronic cough
There are no drugs that can reverse a hernia and for this in some cases a surgery which is done in day hospital. It can be a classic open surgery under local anesthesia or a laparoscopy under general anesthesia. The operation is essential especially when inguinal hernias tend to enlarge or constrict.
In other cases, however, the hernia should not be removed surgically but the patient is advised to have some sort of “Watchful waiting”To see if it will give further symptoms or enlarge. All these assessments are of course of medical relevance.
As for drugs, however, all you can do is take painkillers (always on the prescription of your doctor) to keep the hassles related to the presence of hernia at bay.
In this case i natural remedies and simple ones good habits can only help prevent (in some cases) the appearance of the hernia.
PREVENT INGUINAL HERNIA
As always, we can put in place some good practices to prevent the problem from appearing. First of all it is important maintain a healthy weight, drinking the right amount of water daily and eating in a balanced and healthy way. We must not forget the right amount of daily physical activity (even walking 30-40 a day at a brisk pace).
Even stubborn constipation can lead to the appearance of an inguinal hernia in the long run, so let's remember follow a diet rich in fiber. It is also important to avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and, if possible, of do not overload our body by subjecting it to very strong physical stress, especially when lifting heavy loads.
To decrease the risk of inguinal hernia, you can:
• Maintain the right weight
• Drink a lot of water
• Eat healthy
• Increase your fiber intake
• Do moderate physical activity every day
• Avoid smoking and alcohol
• Avoid very strong physical stress
If you suspect the presence of a hernia groin or other areas of the body, contact your doctor immediately.