High transaminases: causes, symptoms, and foods to avoid

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Elia Tabuenca García
@eliatabuencagarcia

Transaminases are molecules considered very important for the proper functioning of the liver. Those who undergo analysis and discover that they have high transaminases, will have to contact their doctor to understand how to intervene to solve the problem and what may be the causes of this phenomenon.



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Le transaminases are molecules considered very important for the correct functioning of the liver. Anyone who undergoes specific blood tests and discovers they have them high transaminases, you will have to contact your own doctor to understand how to intervene to solve the problem and what may be the causes of this phenomenon.

The liver is a very important and resistant organ of our body. It would be good to learn how to take care of it from an early age, for example starting from the good habit of not overdoing it with fried foods and alcoholic drinks.

In fact the liver, as a gland, performs the delicate task of secrete bile, a fundamental substance for the digestion of fats and for the transport to the intestine of waste substances related to our diet.

That's why tests done to check transaminase levels can also help detect liver damage. In blood tests, transaminases are indicated with the abbreviations OTHER, GPT e SGPT. Transaminases are mainly present in the liver but in small quantities they can also be found in the heart and muscles. Abnormal transaminase levels can therefore signal problems not only related to the liver but also to other parts of the body.

Causes

Why do you have high transaminases? They can be the signal of liver damage but also indicate the presence of diabetes, of heart disease or problems with thyroid. Inflammation of the liver is one of the most common causes of increased transaminase levels.

Other diseases such as liver cirrhosis and heart disease can also lead to the appearance of high transaminases. The liver metabolism it may be overloaded or you may have contracted it without your knowledge mononucleosis.



There are also some categories of people who may be more exposed to the risk of high transaminases: overweight subjects, people suffering from diabetes, individuals with a high consumption of alcoholic beverages, those who take drugs that as a side effect can damage the liver, people with a family history linked to liver disease, people who know already have some liver problems.

Symptoms

Keep in mind that i normal values ​​of transaminases should fall within the following ranges:man the values ​​of transaminases in the norm are between 10 and 43 international units per liter of blood; in woman instead they should fall between 5 and 36 international units per liter of blood.

If your values ​​do not fall within the normal range, exceeding the units indicated, some symptoms typical of high transaminases may be present. Between symptoms of high transaminases we find, for example, yellowish skin complexion, tiredness, easy fatigue and exhaustion. In any case they can turn out asymptomatic or there may be mild symptoms, common to other problems and therefore not easy to recognize.

Others symptoms of high transaminases concern loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain, itching, dark colored urine, light colored stools, full-blown jaundice.

Recommended foods and foods to avoid

Among the foods to avoid in the case of high transaminases we find foods very rich in fats starting from fried foods. Cream, mayonnaise, sausages, sauces, sweets, as well as alcoholic drinks and carbonated soft drinks should be avoided.

Instead between the recommended foods in case of high transaminases are pasta, rice, low-fat yogurt, fresh fruit, fresh vegetables except peppers, cauliflower, broad beans, peas and mushrooms. Care should also be taken not to overdo it with meat, eggs and fatty cold cuts. In any case, these are general food indications.



To know the foods to eat or avoid in case of high transaminases and according to your health conditions it is essential that you consult your doctor and that you follow specific advice that can help you bring the values ​​of transaminases back into the norm.

Marta Albè

Photo source: huffpost.com

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