What is colitis? And what is the best diet to follow? Recommended foods and those to avoid in case of irritable colon.Don't store avocado like this: it's dangerous
Also called "irritable bowel syndrome", There colitis is a inflammation of the colon caused by viruses, bacteria, certain diseases or "simply" by a condition stress e nervousness. But are there various types of colitis? And what is the best diet to follow?
You can suffer from it chronically, or have sudden and sporadic attacks, what is certain is that colitis is one of the gastrointestinal diseases and can be kept under control with aadequate nutrition, although there are cases of individuals who, due to constant symptoms, are no longer able to have a peaceful working and social life.
Unlike others inflammatory bowel diseases, however, like the Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome it does not cause changes in intestinal anatomy and it does not favor the onset of colon cancer or colorectal cancer.
It is often said that colitis is the consequence of a particularly stressful life or a marked emotionality. In fact, some experts explain that people who suffer from colitis experience a particular state of tension and emotion and therefore the phenomenon of irritable bowel should be explained simply by the fact that those more emotional subjects have some altered and more pronounced perceptions of stimuli, including intestinal stimuli.
cause him specifiche of the irritable colon they have not yet been precisely identified by medical science.
In any case, let's not forget that our intestine is our "second brain": that is, the brain uses the intestine as an ally to perform its functions, so it is clear that intestinal well-being is also reflected in the rest of our body and vice versa.
This is why moods such as anxiety, anger or nervousness also affect the functionality of the intestine. However, this does not exclude the fact that other causes of colitis may be:
- alteration of the intestinal flora
- particularly painful menstrual cycle
- diet low in water and fiber
- intolerance to some foods
- infections by parasites
It has also been observed that the symptoms of colitis can worsen in the case of Sedentary life or in the presence of others digestive disorders.
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Depending on whether they come originate from the colon or not, colitis are distinguished in primary e secondary. There are also various types of colitis
Typically, colitis are distinguished in:
- primary (or primitive), if they originate from the colon itself
- secondary, if caused by diseases affecting other organs
- sharp, which occur suddenly with abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea
- chronic, which are often a consequence of acute forms
- ischemic, which develop when blood flow to part of the large intestine (the colon) is restricted
- pseudomembranose, which result from the abuse of antibiotics
- ulcerose, where the inner wall of the rectum and colon, the "mucosa", may appear red, bleeding and have widespread ulcers
Then there is colitis fulminant, in the event that the patient, in addition to having symptoms such as dysentery, fever or anemia, has severe abdominal pain and a clinical picture similar to that of septicemia. In these cases, surgery is required.
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More or less all forms of colitis share the same symptoms.
The most common symptoms of colitis are:
- abdominal distension
- cramps in the abdomen
- diarrhea or constipation
- mucus in the stool
- heaviness in the stomach after main meals
Since I am nonspecific symptoms also attributable to organic pathologies, it is always good to contact the medical health insurance in the presence of one of them.
Colitis remedies and nutrition
Generally, doctors' advice is primarily based on eating habits of the patient, orienting the new diet towards foods containing fiber, in order to regulate and facilitate intestinal transit, and the elimination of excessively fatty and processed foods.
Among the natural remedies, it can be useful drinking herbal teas believed to be able to perform a calming action against painful bowel movements. Among these are useful herbal teas based on:
- blueberry berries
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In case you suffer from Ulcerative colitis, an excellent remedy seems to be the intake of banana i mature, capable of facilitating intestinal transit, and of steamed apples, containing phosphorus and iron useful in the healing of ulcerative lesions. Finally, they could be of valuable help too herbal supplements based on natural substances, which help the intestine to regain its regularity. In this case, however, it is always good to seek the advice of your doctor.
Then there are a whole series of alimony recommended and to be avoided in the treatment of irritable bowel.
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Colitis Recommended Foods
To relieve symptoms and to relieve the intestine, we recommend lightly processed foods to be seasoned lightly. But it is worth considering the fact that each person affected by colitis is separate, so the recommended foods may vary. Therefore it is essential to identify, based on one's own course of inflammation, a personalized diet to be adopted.
Among the recommended foods are:
We said, then, that a valid help can come from herbal teas or simply from the water: moisturize well the body, in fact, is important in relieving the symptoms of colitis. The most used are that of fennel and that of mallow, the first helps to absorb fermentation and intestinal gas, the second burns and soothes the mucous membranes.
Colitis and foods not recommended
In periods in which colitis is in the acute phase, those foods that tend to ferment and increase intestinal swelling should be avoided. Between these:
- broccoli and cabbage
- legumes (unless peeled)
- milk and dairy products, except yogurt
- XNUMX/XNUMX cup sugar