Bergamot: properties, benefits and uses

Bergamot: properties, benefits and uses

Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is a citrus fruit with a yellow skin deriving perhaps from lemon or bitter orange. There are still uncertainties among botanists. However, it is very likely that bergamot is a native plant of Calabria.

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Il bergamot (Citrus bergamia) is a citrus fruit with a yellow peel, perhaps derived from lemon or bitter orange. There are still uncertainties among botanists. However, it is very likely that bergamot is a native plant of Calabria.

The cultivation of bergamot as an intensive plantation took place on the coast of Reggio Calabria in the eighteenth century. The first extraction of thebergamot essential oil, right in Calabria.

In appearance the fruit of bergamot reminiscent of grapefruit, but it is a bit smaller and has a deeper color. Even today the cultivation of bergamot takes place in Calabria especially in the coastal strip. Bergamot is in season as a fresh fruit from October-November until March.



Properties and benefits of bergamot

Bergamot is a fruit rich in vitamins. Contains vitamin A, vitamin C and B vitamins and is an important source of flavonoids. The studies conducted by researchers of the University of Tor Vergata they highlighted the properties and benefits of bergamot and bergamot juice, one of the most used preparations based on this fruit in food, together with jams.

The experts gave healthy volunteers between the ages of 18 and 65 250 ml of bergamot and apple juice for 15 days. They observed that consuming bergamot and apple juice accompanied by a healthy lifestyle and an adequate diet led to a 21% reduction in cardiovascular risk. It was a prospective experimental study that could find new confirmations in the future.

The benefits of bergamot juice they are bound to the extraordinary wealth of polyphenols of this fruit, antioxidant substances that help our body stay fit and healthy. The administration of bergamot in the form of juice or squeezed takes place precisely for therapeutic uses.

Bergamot and its juice have energizing and toning properties. In particular, bergamot juice contains active ingredients that help to reduce cholesterol. If you have been prescribed cholesterol-lowering medications, before you think you can use bergamot juice to replace them, consult your doctor to see if bergamot juice could help you as a natural remedy.

Uses of bergamot

By itself bergamot doesn't have a very pleasant taste so it doesn't is consumed as much as a fresh fruit, as well as in the form of juice, perhaps in combination with other sweeter fruits.

The fruit of the bergamot is used, from the food point of view, above all for the production of fruit juices and jams. It can also be cut into wedges to put a slice in tea, as is done with lemon. Candied fruit are also prepared with bergamot.

Bergamot juice it has a bitter taste just like the fruit but at the same time it is considered very precious due to its richness in polyphenols. This juice also has a high content of citric acid and has often been used to make this substance.

In reality, the main uses of bergamot go beyond food uses. In fact, bergamot is mainly used for production of essential oils. Bergamot essential oil is produced from the peel of this fruit but also from the twigs, leaves and flowers of this plant.

Bergamot essential oil It is used especially in perfumery because of its aroma. Of note is the production of the Bergamot from Reggio Calabria, which is an essential oil obtained from bergamot with a protected designation of origin. The purest bergamot essential oil is produced from the skins of this fruit and is an essential component of cologne.

Where to find bergamot

Bergamot essential oil is found in herbalist's shop and in the pharmacy. Bergamot as a fresh fruit is rarely distributed in supermarkets and is bought in Calabria directly from the farmer. It is easier to find jams and bergamot juice in herbal shops and moles shops of typical products.

Marta Albè

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Read also:

Pomelo, the ancestor of all citrus fruits
Grapefruit: a fruit rich in properties but to be used with caution
Hypertension: Bergamot essential oil lowers blood pressure

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