What are the symptoms and causes of appendicitis? And what are the remedies to defeat it?Don't store avocado like this: it's dangerous
THEappendicitis it's a'inflammation of the appendix, mostly caused by all this may irritate or block the "appendicular lumen”, Ie the internal cavity of the appendix. It is a very common and quite painful ailment which, if neglected, can turn into peritonitis. But what are the symptoms and causes of appendicitis? And what are the remedies to defeat it?
The so-called "vermiform appendix”, That small and thin formation (it looks like an earthworm) long on average from 5 to 10 centimeters and hollow inside, which represents an extension of the large intestine. It is located in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen, just below the navel, and is formed by lymphatic tissue.
In the first years of life, the appendix acts as part of the immune system: that is, it performs a filter action, a bit like the tonsils, so much so that it is also known as "abdominal tonsil".
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Inflammation of the appendix - appendicitis - is one rather common disease, rare under the age of two and among the elderly and more frequent between the ages of ten and thirty. It is found mostly in Western and industrialized countries and this suggests that the cause is to be found in the combination of a sedentary lifestyle and an unbalanced diet.
The main symptom of the inflammatory process is a intense abdominal pain localized to the right, usually sudden. It typically occurs before any other symptoms and begins near the navel, then continues further down and to the right. In the following 12-24 hours, pain settles in the right iliac fossa (between the navel and the hip bone) at the anatomical site of the appendix.
Other symptoms of appendicitis can be:
- mild fever
- gastrointestinal disorders
- lack of appetite
- constipation or diarrhea
- inability to expel gas
- abdominal swelling
Symptoms that vary and that can be confused with other causes of abdominal pain are:
- obstruction in the case of
- diseases inflammatory intestine
- inflammatory diseases pelvic e other gynecological disorders
- intestinal adhesion
In any case, it may happen that theacute appendicitis does not show up with typical signals. So, if you start to suspect something, it's good to do it visit a doctor right away who, by palpating the abdominal area, will be able to understand if any disturbances may or may not depend on appendicitis. If action is not taken immediately, complications of appendicitis arise within 12 to 24 hours of the onset of the first symptoms. It can also happen that a swollen and inflamed appendix can break or perforate itself: in this case, the purulent material can infect the abdominal cavity, causing abscesses e peritonitis.
As is now clear, appendicitis is due to a 'obstruction of the lumen, of the interior that is of the appendix. The mucus produced withdraws inside the lumen generating a multiplication of the bacteria that are normally found inside the appendix and the consequence is that it swells and becomes infected.
Lumen obstruction may be due to:
- stagnation of ingested material (disastrous)
- hypertrophy of appendicular lymphatic follicles
- intestinal parasites (such as Ascaris, Tenia)
- foreign bodies or kernels (grapes, cherries, peppers)
As for the appendicular lymphatic follicles, their growth it can also be stimulated by infections such as:
- viral gastroenteritis
- respiratory infections
Once the obstruction has occurred, mucus begins to accumulate because it continues to be produced and poured into the intra-appendicular area without a vent. Then the pressure inside the appendix increases and the first symptoms associated with appendicitis begin to appear, such as nausea or loss of appetite and visceral pain of medium intensity.
The only option to permanently defeat appendicitis is surgery, by means ofextraction of the inflamed appendix (the so-called "appendicectomia”), A rather quick and simple surgery.
While waiting for the surgical extraction, you could take analgesics or laxatives (but always follow the advice of an expert) such as:
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Appendicitis and diet
If you don't want to have acute appendicitis, one healthy and balanced diet that provides a correct fiber content significantly reduces the risk, combined with regular physical activity. In this area, a good difference also makes chewing food, which must be slow and thorough, in order to facilitate the digestive process.
Appendicitis, foods not recommended
Once you have diagnosed appendicitis, however, it is good to avoid:
spirits and spirits
cocoa and chocolate
coffee and tea
fermented and fatty cheeses
fatty fish, crustaceans and molluscs
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Appendicitis, recommended foods
In the course of appendicitis, it is possible to consume:
- green salad
- eggplant and zucchini
- lean white or red meats (preferably steamed)
- lean fish
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- probiotics and yogurt
- skimmed or semi-skimmed milk