10 golden rules to fight heat and heat stroke

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Carlos Laforet Coll
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The 10 golden rules drawn up by the Ministry of Health to better cope with the arrival of the great heat ...

Don't store avocado like this: it's dangerous

Our country is experiencing the first great heat wave, with temperatures that can reach peaks of 35 degrees in the next few days. As every year they arrive on time in this period the advice of the Ministry of Health to protect themselves and above all to protect children, the elderly and the sick from any risks.





The people who are more prone to any heat stroke are not only those who are part of the aforementioned categories but also, more generally, those who live in large cities where the heat is heavier and there is less shade. So here's what the 10 golden rules to always keep in mind to prevent the body from overheating too much and on the contrary always keeping well hydrated:

1) LEAVE THE HOUSE IN THE FRESHEST HOURS OF THE DAY

Is very important stay cool during the hottest hours of the day, that is between 11 and 18, because it is in this period of time that heatstroke occurs most frequently. If you have to go out out of necessity, it is always good wear sunglasses and hat and in case of very fair complexion, apply a sunscreen.

2) WEAR LIGHTWEIGHT CLOTHES

Very important in hot weather iWear light and breathable, loose fitting clothing or that in any case do not adhere too much to the body. Better to prefer natural fibers such as cotton, so that the skin can breathe, and light colors that tend to attract less sun.

3) KEEP YOUR HOME AND OFFICE FRESH

Sometimes it can feel very, too hot even at home, in the office or in your work environment. That is why it is very important to always keep these places cool by using different tricks: holding closed shutters or blinds, opening the windows only in the late afternoon and in the evening and, if you use the air conditioning, adjusting it to a temperature of 24-26 ° and providing for the cleaning of the filters and routine maintenance.



4) USE WATER TO REDUCE BODY TEMPERATURE

It is very important during the summer that our body temperature does not exceed a certain threshold. Keeping fresh is not that difficult, you just need to always have water available to drink with lukewarm showers o refresh your face and arms as needed. If you are away from home during the hottest hours of the day, that's a good thing make compresses on the nape of the neck with a cloth soaked in fresh water or wet the hair a little.

5) REDUCE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE HOTTEST HOURS

If you usually go for a run, walk or practice other outdoor sports, remember that it is summer better to choose early morning or late afternoon to train. The same goes for heavy work, avoid being outdoors toiling during the hottest hours of the day.

6) DRINK LOTS AND EAT CORRECTLY

Key point to feel good and not only in summer is drink a lot, 1.5-2 liters of water per day (except in cases where the doctor recommends otherwise) e eat light, water-rich foods as they are above all fruits and vegetables. Instead, avoid alcohol and drinks that are too cold or carbonated. Particular attention must be paid to the elderly who tend not to feel the stimulus of thirst, therefore they are advised to drink even when they do not feel like it. As for the preservation of food, the ministry's experts suggest once a package is opened to avoid leaving it outdoors for more than two hours.

7) ATTENTION WHEN YOU GO BY CAR

We all know the uncomfortable feeling of getting into a car that has been parked for a long time in the sun. When you are in this situation in the summer it is important ventilate the premises before boarding and then keep the windows open or the air conditioning active, at least for the first part of the journey. If you have children, they have their own in the car child seat check that the latter is not overheated. Finally, never leave people or animals in the parked car, even for a short time.



8) STORE DRUGS CORRECTLY

Those who take drugs in the summer must be particularly careful as they could deteriorate with high temperatures. It is therefore important read carefully the methods of conservation shown on the package and strictly adhere to it. Medicines that must stay at a maximum of 25 °, it is advisable for the summer period to keep them in the refrigerator.

9) SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR PERSONS AT RISK

The elderly but also those with chronic cardiovascular, respiratory, neurological or metabolic pathologies that involve taking drugs, in the summer must be particularly careful and consult the doctor to see if in this period it is not appropriate to review the therapy or increase the frequency of checks. In case of even mild illnesses, it is good to report them to your doctor and never interrupt the prescribed drug therapies on your own initiative.

10) ATTENTION TO PEOPLE AT RISK AROUND YOU

It is a good idea in periods of great heat to pay particular attention to family, friends or neighbors elderly especially if they live alone. Maybe help them deal with the common daily chores and report any cases of discomfort to the health and social services.

If you want to learn more and read further advice, you can download the booklet written by the Ministry of Health entitled "Safe summer how to beat the heat"

Read also:

- Afa: how to fight the heat in 8 moves excluding air conditioning

- 10 foods and drinks to prepare at home to cool down

- Afa: the 10 best drinks to quench thirst and rehydrate the body

- 7 eco-sustainable moves to face the summer heat

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